Abigail Press

History Texts at Abigail Press

The American Challenge, Vol. 2
Detailed Table of Contents

Chapter 17

RECONSTRUCTION: The Turning Point That Never Turned

  • Confederacy’s Defeat
  • Reconstruction’s Overarching Issues
  • Wartime Reconstruction
    • Abraham Lincoln's Reconstruction Policies
    • Radical Republicans and Reconstruction
  • Andrew Johnson and Reconstruction
    • Johnson’s Reconstruction Policy
    • The Black Suffrage Issue in the North
    • Southern Defiance
    • The Black Codes
  • Land and Labor in the Postwar South
    • The Freedmen’s Bureau
    • The Issue of Land for the Landless
  • The Advent of Radical Reconstruction
    • The Fourteenth Amendment
    • The 1866 Congressional Elections
    • The Reconstruction Acts of 1867
    • The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
    • The Southern Response to the Reconstruction Acts
      • The White Backlash During Presidential Reconstruction: The 1866 Race Riots in Memphis and New Orleans
    • Republican State Governments
  • The First Grant Administration
    • The Election of 1868
    • The Fifteenth Amendment
    • Grant in the White House
    • Civil Service Reform
    • Foreign Policy Issues
  • The White Backlash Continues
    • The 1872 Presidential Election
    • The Panic of 1873
  • Retreat From Reconstruction
    • The 1876 Presidential Election
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 18

INDIAN EXPULSION AND WHITE SETTLEMENT IN THE TRANS-MISSOURI WEST

  • Native Americans and the Civil War
    • Choosing Sides
    • Wartime Massacres and Detention
  • American Westward Expansion during the Civil War
    • Conquest by the Railroad
    • The Homestead Act
  • The Western Economy
    • The Great Western Cattle Trails
    • Western Mining
  • Crime and Punishment in the Old West
    • Outlaw Chic
  • Women in the West
        Graceful as a Cat: Billy the Kid
    • Abortion Restriction in the West
  • Chinese Workers
  • Mexican Labor
  • African Americans in the Old West
    • Buffalo Soldiers
    • African Americans and the Western Labor Movement
    • Black Colonies in Kansas and Oklahoma
  • The Reservation Era
    • The Buffalo Slaughter
    • Little Big Horn
    • Geronimo and the Twilight of Indian Resistance
    • The Dawes Severalty Act
  • The Real and Mythic West
      • Joseph, Chief of the Nez Percé
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 19

THE RISE OF INDUSTRIAL AMERICA & THE POLITICS OF THE NEW ORDER

  • The Rise of Big Business
    • The Railroads
    • Andrew Carnegie and Steel
    • John D. Rockefeller and Standard Oil
    • Bell, Edison, and Westinghouse
    • The Emergence of Mass Marketing
    • From Competition to Consolidation: The Rise of the Corporation
      • The Flush Toilet: Technology Changes Daily American Life
    • J. P. Morgan and Finance Capitalism
    • Laissez-Faire in Theory and Practice
    • Social Darwinism
  • Foreign Immigration and Internal Migration
    • Why They Came
    • Immigrant Labor
    • From the Farm to the City
  • The "New South"
  • The Rise of Oganized Labor
    • The Great Railroad Strike of 1877
    • The Haymarket Affair
    • Henry George and Edward Bellamy
    • The Homestead Lockout
    • The Pullman Strike
  • Gilded Age Politics
    • Urban Political Machines
    • Patronage Politics in the States
    • The Shadow Presidents
    • The Democrats Finally Emerge Victorious: The Election of 1884
    • Tariffs and Pensions
    • Cleveland Repudiated: The Election of 1888
    • Federal Courts and the Regulation of Business
    • The Fight for Free Silver
    • The Depression of 1893-1897
  • The Populist Uprising
    • Farmer Alliances
    • Forming the People's Party
    • The 1896 Presidential Election
    • The Collapse of Populism
  • Changing World
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 20

THE IMPERIAL REPUBLIC

  • America’s Quest for Empire: 1880-1900
    • Voices for Expansion
    • The Imperialists
    • Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan and the Rise of American Militarism
    • Hawaii
  • The Spanish-American War
    • “A Splendid Little War”
    • Critics of Empire: The Anti-Imperialists
  • The United States Becomes a World Power
    • Guerrilla War in the Philippines, 1898-1902
    • Controlling Cuba and Puerto Rico
    • The Open Door Policy
    • The Boxer Rebellion
  • Theodore Roosevelt and the Foundation of American Foreign Policy
    • The Roosevelt Corollary
    • The Panama Canal
  • William Howard Taft and Dollar Diplomacy
      • Political Cartoons and American Imperialism
  • United States Expansion
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 21

THE PROGRESSIVE REFORMATION OF INDUSTRIAL AMERICA

  • Influences Upon Progressivism
  • The Strands of Progressivism
  • The Muckrakers
  • Local Urban Reforms
  • State-Level Reforms
    • Labor Reforms
    • Prohibition
    • Woman Suffrage
    • Political Reforms
    • Robert La Follette and the “Wisconsin Idea”
  • African-American Responses to Jim Crow
    • Booker T. Washington
    • W.E.B. Du Bois
      • Jack Johnson (1878-1946)
  • National Reform Under Roosevelt
    • The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt
    • Roosevelt Takes Command
    • The Northern Securities Company Case
    • The Anthracite Coal Strike
    • Roosevelt’s Reelection
    • Railroad Regulation
    • Regulation of the Nation’s Food and Medicine
    • The First Environmental President
    • Roosevelt Chooses a Successor
  • The Taft Presidency
    • Roosevelt vs. Taft
    • The Election of 1912
  • National Reform Under Wilson
    • Wilson’s Background
    • Wilson’s Economic Reforms
    • The Pinnacle of National Progressivism–Wilson’s Acceptance of Social Reform
    • The Election of 1916
  • The Legacy of Progressivism
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 22

THE “GREAT WAR”: WORLD WAR I

  • Wilsonian “Missionary Diplomacy”
  • The Outbreak of the Great War
    • Causes for the War
    • American Neutrality
    • The English Blockade and German Submarine Warfare
  • America Enters the War
    • The Zimmermann Telegram
    • Declaration of War
  • The War at Home
    • Propaganda and Hysteria
    • Manpower Mobilization
    • Mobilization of Resources
    • Dissenters and the Suppression of Civil Liberties
    • African Americans and the War
  • The War after U.S. Entry
    • The Bolshevik Revolution
    • Wilsonís Fourteen Points
    • “Over There”: The U.S. Military in World War I
    • The End of the War
  • The Search for Peace
    • The Versailles Peace Conference
    • Fight for the League of Nations
      • The “Spanish Flu” Pandemic
    • Postwar Racism and the Red Scare
  • Postwar Normalcy
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 23

THE CONTENTIOUS TWENTIES

  • The Postwar Economy
    • “Sick Industries”
    • Economic Boom
  • The Myth of the “Roaring 20s”
    • “Ballyhoo” and Record-Breaking
      • The Black Sox Scandal
    • The “New Woman”
  • The Misappropriation of Freud
  • The Impact of the Great Black Migration
  • The Defenders of Tradition
    • Restrictions on Dress, Dancing, and Movies
    • Prohibition
    • Nativism and Immigration Restriction
    • Fundamentalism
    • The Second Ku Klux Klan
  • Resurgent Political Conservatism
    • Election of 1920
    • The Failed Harding Presidency
    • “Keeping Cool” With Coolidge
    • “The Business of America”
  • The Election of Hoover and The Great Crash
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 24

THE GREAT DEPRESSION AND THE NEW DEAL

  • The Presidency of Herbert Hoover
    • The Technocrat as President
    • The Deepening Depression
    • Occupying Washington: The Bonus Army
    • The Election of 1932
  • The Lord of the Manor: FDR
  • Launching the New Deal
    • The New Dealers
    • Saving Capitalism: Banking and Stock Exchange Initiatives
  • Initial Relief and Recovery Efforts
    • Major Relief Programs
    • Industrial Recovery Measures
    • Agricultural Recovery Efforts
    • The Tennessee Valley Authority
  • Populist Opposition to the New Deal
    • Radicalism in the States
    • The Rise of the Demagogues: Huey Long and Father Charles Coughlin
  • The “Second New Deal”
    • Promoting Electricity for All
    • New Relief Programs
    • Social Security
      • The Townsend Plan
  • Labor Resurgence
  • Minorities, Women, and The New Deal
    • Black Americans in the Roosevelt Era
    • Hispanic Americans during the Great Depression
    • Native Americans and the New Deal
    • Women during the New Deal Era
  • Rooseveltís Reelection and Second Term
    • The Election of 1936
    • Stalemate, 1937-1940
    • The “Court Packing” Furor
  • The Recession of 1937-1938
  • New Deal Legacy
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 25

DEMOCRACY, FASCISM, AND COMMUNISM AT WAR, 1921-1945

  • America and the World During the 1920s
    • Stabilizing the European Economy
    • Toward the Good Neighbor Policy
    • Active Global Diplomacy
  • The Rise of Totalitarianism in Asia and Europe
    • Japanese Militarism and the Takeover of Manchuria
    • The Rise of Mussolini and the Invasion of Ethiopia
    • The Rise of the Nazis
    • The Spanish Civil War
  • American Isolationism
    • The Neutrality Acts
  • The Coming of World War II
    • The Japanese Invasion of China
    • The High Water Mark of Appeasement: Austria and Czechoslovakia
    • The Nazi-Soviet Partition of Poland
  • World War II Begins in Europe
    • Neutrality Revision
    • The Fall of France
  • The American Reaction to War
    • Roosevelt vs. Lindbergh
    • The Election of 1940
    • Lend-Lease
    • The Undeclared Naval War vs. Germany in the Atlantic
    • Worsening Relations with Japan
    • The Road to Pearl Harbor
  • Halting the Axis, 1941-1942
    • The Fall of the Philippines
    • The Battles of Coral Sea and Midway
    • Allied Victories in Egypt and Russia
    • The Battle of the Atlantic
  • The American Home Front
    • Industrial Mobilization
    • Manpower Mobilization
    • Financing the War
    • Civilian Sacrifice
    • Women during World War II
    • The African American Experience
    • Hispanics and the War
    • Native American Contributions
    • The Internment of Japanese Americans
  • Victory in Europe, 1943-1945
    • The Debate Over Strategy in Europe
      • Frank Fujita, Jr.–A Japanese-American Prisoner of the Empire of the Rising Sun
    • Operation Torch
    • The Allied Invasions of Sicily and Southern Italy
    • Strategic Bombing
    • The Tehran Conference
    • D-Day
    • The Yalta Conference
    • End of the War in Europe
  • Victory in the Pacific, 1943-1945
    • The South Pacific Campaign
    • The Central Pacific Campaign
    • The Fight for the Philippines
    • The Bloody Fight for Iwo Jima and Okinawa
    • The New President
    • Naval Blockade and Fire Bombing of Japan
    • The Defeat of Japan
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 26

THE ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR

  • The Emerging Cold War
  • The Truman Doctrine and Containment
    • Aid to Greece and Turkey
    • The Marshall Plan
    • The Berlin Crisis
    • The Formation of NATO
  • Domestic Politics during the Truman Years
    • Truman and Civil Rights
    • The 1948 Election
    • The Fair Deal
  • The Communist Takeover of China
  • Cold War Hysteria: The Second Red Scare
    • The Politics of Anti-communism
    • The Spy Trials
    • The Rise of McCarthyism
  • The Korean War
    • North Korea Invades the South
    • Chinese Intervention
    • Truman Fires MacArthur
      • Chills and Fever during the Cold War
    • Initial U.S. Involvement in Vietnam
  • America Turns to Eisenhower
    • The 1952 Election
    • The End of the Korean War
    • McCarthy's Decline
  • Eisenhower and the Cold War
    • John Foster Dulles and the “New Look”
    • Critics of the New Look and Massive Retaliation
    • Ike and the Soviets
    • The Hungary Crisis
    • The Emergence of the Third World
    • Covert CIA Operations in Iran and Guatemala
    • Troubles in the Middle East
    • Eisenhower and Vietnam
    • Sputnik
    • The U-2 Incident
    • Eisenhower Wars of a “Military-Industrial Complex”
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 27

AMERICAN CULTURE FROM 1945-1960

  • Racism Before World War II
    • The Persistence of Eugenics
  • The Cold War and Race Relations
  • Black Political Activism
    • Desegregation in Higher Education
    • The Brown Decision
    • The Murder of Emmett Till
    • Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
    • The Little Rock Crisis
    • The Sit-in Movement
  • Mexican-American Activism
  • Rosie the Riveter After the War
    • Women in 1950s Popular Culture
  • Family Life and the Baby Boom
    • Family Troubles
  • Sex during the 1950s
    • The Double Standard
    • Porn in the U.S.A.
    • The Cost of Sexual Hypocrisy
    • Oppression and the Birth of the Gay Rights Movement
  • The Interstate Highway System
  • TV Nation
    • Television and Professional Sports
  • The Beats: Subterranean Rebels
  • “Seduction of the Innocent”: The Comic Book Wars
      • The “Sick Humor” of Lenny Bruce
  • Rock ‘n’ Roll
  • The Lasting Influence of the 1950s
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 28

REFORM AND BACKLASH UNDER KENNEDY AND JOHNSON

  • The 1960 Presidential Election
    • Civil Rights and the 1960 Campaign
    • The Catholic Issue Returns
    • Television and the Kennedy-Nixon Debates
    • Kennedy Triumphant
  • The “New Frontier”
    • The Bay of Pigs Fiasco
    • The Berlin Wall
    • The Cuban Missile Crisis
    • The Space Race
  • The Civil Rights Movement during the Kennedy Years
    • The Freedom Riders
    • Integrating “Ole Miss”
    • “Bombingham”
    • The University of Alabama Integrates
    • The March on Washington
    • Four Little Girls
  • The Kennedy Assassination and Its Impact
  • LBJ: A Political Force of Nature
    • An Unlikely Civil Rights Ally
    • The Great Society
  • The Civil Rights Movement during the Johnson Years
    • The 1964 Civil Rights Act
    • Freedom Summer
    • The Schwerner, Chaney, and Goodman Murders
    • The Election of 1964
  • Upstaging the President
      • Fannie Lou Hamer and the 1964 Democratic Convention
    • “Bloody Sunday” in Selma
    • The Voting Rights Act of 1965
    • The Life and Death of Malcolm X
    • Long Hot Summers
    • White Backlash
  • The Warren Court
  • 1960-1967: The Best of Times
  • 1960-1967: The Worst of Times
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 29

ROLLING THUNDER: THE VIETNAM WAR UNDER KENNEDY AND JOHNSON

  • South Vietnam Under Diem
    • The Diem Regime
    • Kennedy Continues U.S. Aid to Diem
    • Strategic Hamlets
    • Buddist Protests and Government Suppression
    • Diem's Overthrow
  • Johnson Stays the Course
    • “The Prospects Now Are For a Shorter War”
    • Vietnam and the Election of 1964
    • The Gulf of Tonkin Incident
  • Direct U.S. Military Intervention
    • Operation Rolling Thunder
    • Deployment of Chemical Weapons
    • Search and Destroy Missions
      • American Fighting Men
    • Trouble with the Locals
    • Race Matters
    • The Hanoi Hilton
  • The War at Home, 1965-67
    • The “Television War”
    • Public Opinion and the War
    • Class Divisions
    • Anti-War Protests Emerge
    • The Burning of Norman Morrison
    • “No Vietcong Ever Called Me Nigger”
    • The March on the Pentagon
  • Apologies and Forgiveness
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 30

THE NIGHTMARE YEAR, 1968

  • Campus Unrest
    • Protests at Columbia and Harlem
    • The Columbia Occupation
  • The Seizure of the Pueblo
  • Vietnam in '68
    • The Tet Offensive
    • “One of the Great Pictures of the Vietnam War”
    • Losing “The Most Trusted Man in America”
    • The My Lai Massacre
    • Uncommon Valor
  • The War and Domestic Politics
    • RFK
    • “Clean For Gene”: Surprise in New Hampshire
    • LBJ Bows Out
  • Martin Luther King, Jr., Vietnam, and the Poor People's Campaign
    • The FBI War on MLK
    • The Poor People's Campaign
    • The King Assassination
      • Robert Kennedy on the Death of Martin Luther King
  • The Election of 1968
    • Another Kennedy Assassination
    • Nixon's Political Comeback
    • Wallace Enters the Race
    • Last Man Standing
    • The Chicago Convention Riot
    • Nixon Victorious
  • 1968: The “What-Ifs”
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 31

AMERICAN FRUSTRATION AND DECLINE IN THE 1970s

  • Domestic Affairs Under Nixon
    • Affirmative Action
    • Nixonomics
    • The First Energy Crisis
  • Foreign Affairs Under Nixon
    • A Coup in Chile
    • Cracks in the Communist World
    • “Peace With Honor”
    • Operation Menu
    • Four Dead in Ohio
    • Declining Morale
    • The Pentagon Papers
    • The Christmas Bombing
    • “Nothing More to Say After That”: Aftermath of the Vietnam War
  • Fragging
    • The Killing Fields of Cambodia
  • Nixon's Re-Election
  • A Cancer Close to the Presidency: The Watergate Scandal
    • “The Saturday Night Massacre”
  • A Ford, Not a Lincoln
    • “A Full, Free, and Absolute Pardon”
    • The Reform Congress
    • The Ford Interlude
  • The 1976 Election
    • Thunder from the Right
    • The Democratic Challenge
    • “No Soviet Domination of Eastern Europe”
  • The Carter Presidency
    • The Panama Canal Treaties
    • The Israeli-Egyptian Agreement
    • The Iranian Revolution
    • Carter's “Malaise Speech”
    • America Held Hostage
    • The Moral Majority
    • “There You Go Again”: The Election of Ronald Reagan
  • Americans Get Angry
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 32

AMERICAN CULTURE AND THE COUNTERCULTURE OF THE 1960s AND 1970s

  • The Birth of 1960s Youth Culture
    • Discontent in the Suburbs
    • “What Are You Rebelling Against?”: The Childhood of 1960s Radicals
    • “The Order is Rapidly Fading”: Bob Dylan and 1960s Protest Music
    • “Tuning in and Dropping Out”: The Hippie Culture
    • Psychedelic Drugs
  • Manifistations of African-American Pride
    • “Black Power”
    • Changing Depictions of Blacks in Film and Television
      • Roots
    • “Black is Beautiful”
    • Black Nationalism
  • Domestic Terror: The Weather Underground
  • Latino Protests
    • The Crystal City Protests
    • César Chávez and the United Farm Workers
    • Chicanismo
  • Back to Wounded Knee: The American Indian Movement
  • The Environment Movement
    • Silent Spring
    • Earth Day and the Pollution Awareness Movement
  • The women's rights Movement
    • “The Problem With No Name”
    • “The Bunny Law”
    • Glass Ceilings
    • The Failure of the Equal Rights Amendment
    • “Back Alley Abortions”
      • The Case of Sherri Finkbine
    • Roe v. Wade
    • The Birth of the Anti-Abortion Movement
  • The Beginning of the Gay Liberation Movement
    • Stonewall
    • Anita Bryant and the Anti-Gay Rights Backlash
  • “A Civilization Without Insanity”: Religious Experimentation in the Sixties and Seventies
    • Scientology
    • Jim Jones and the People's Temple
    • “A God in Your Universe”
  • The Promise and the Disappointment of American Culture, 1960-1980
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 33

THE RISE OF CONSERVATISM: RONALD REAGAN TO GEORGE H.W. BUSH

  • Conservatism Triumphant
    • The New Right
    • The Moral Majority
    • Conservative Think Tanks
  • The New President
    • From Midwestern Youth to Hollywood Star
    • The Eternal Optimist
  • Reaganís First Term Domestic Agenda
    • Challenging the Welfare State
    • Reaganomics
    • The Air Traffic Controllersí Strike
    • The Reagan Recession
    • An Uneven Recovery
    • Taking on the Environmentalists
  • Reagan Confronts the World
    • Increased Tensions with the Soviet Union
    • Right-Wing Support in Central America
    • Continuing Turmoil in the Middle East
  • The Election of 1984
  • Reaganís Second Term Domestic Challenges
    • Tax and Immigration Reform
    • Warning Signs
    • The AIDS Epidemic
      • Ronald Reagan and the Challenger Disaster: The President as “Mourner-in-Chief”
    • Supreme Court Appointments
  • Fighting the Cold War: Scandal and Breakthrough
    • The Iran Contra Affair and Other Scandals
    • Monumental Changes in the Soviet Union
    • George H.W. Bush Succeeds Reagan
  • Foreign Affairs Under George H. W. Bush
    • The Cold War Ends
    • Bush and Latin America
    • The Gulf War
  • Bush and The Politics of Frustration
    • Bush's Domestic Balancing Act
  • Domestic Upheaval
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 34

A DIVIDED AMERICA: BILL CLINTON TO GEORGE W. BUSH

  • The 1992 Election: Bill Clinton and the Triumph of Neo-Liberalism
  • Clinton Domestic Reform Efforts
    • Trade Agreements
    • “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”
    • Health Care Reform
  • The 1994 Republican Counter Revolution
    • The Right’s Ascendance to Power
    • Anti-Government Extremism
      • The Multiculturalism Debate
    • Racial Polarization
  • The 1996 Election: Clinton Vindicated
  • Bill Clinton and the World: Clintonian Foreign Policy
    • The Clinton Doctrine and The People’s Republic of China
    • Africa
    • The Middle East
    • Peacekeeping in the Balkans
  • Second Term High and Low
    • The Clinton Economy
    • The Lewinsky Debacle
  • The 2000 Election
    • The 2000 Post-Election Spectacle
  • The Bush Agenda
    • Bush and Foreign Policy Pre-September 11 Foreign Policy
    • September 11, 2001
    • The Price of “Freedom”
    • The AmericanCounterattack
    • The Iraq War
    • The 2004 Election
  • Bush's Second Term
    • Hurricane Katrina
    • The Unraveling of the Bush Presidency
    • Republicans Divided and Defeated
  • Technology and Culture at the Dawn of a New Century
    • The Nation's Health
    • Entertainment
    • Personal Computers
  • Wither the Peace Dividend?
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
Chapter 35

BARACK OBAMA AND CONTEMPORARY AMERICA

  • Barack Obama and The election of 2008
    • The Rise of Barack Obama
    • A Landmark Election
      • Race in America in the 21st Century
  • Obama's First Term
    • The Financial Crisis
    • The Health Care Debate
    • The Tea Party Movement
  • The 2010 Congressional Elections
    • Wall Street Reform and Protest
  • The Obama Administration and the World
    • Moving Away from Unilateralism
      • The Club of Rome, The Environmental Movement, and the Issue of Global Warming
    • Winding Down Two Wars
    • Narrowing the Struggle: The U.s. and Iran
    • The Arab Spring
    • The End of Osama bin Laden
  • The 2012 Presidential Election
    • Obamaís Re-election
    • Second-Term Challenges
  • Polarization: The Greatest Challenge to Contemporary America
  • Chronology
  • Suggested Readings
  • Review Questions
  • Glossary of Important People and Concepts
APPENDIX
  • A. Declaration of Independence
  • B. Constitution of the United States
  • C. Presidential Elections
  • D. Supreme Court Justices
  • E. Admission of States to the Union
  • F. Population Growth
GLOSSARY
INDEX
to The American Challenge, Vol. 1

 

Home | History Catalog | Texas History Catalog | Government Catalog | Western Civ Catalog | Gender Catalog | Online Resources | Contact Us