|PLEASE NOTE: These links are provided for your convenience.
does not review, control, or take responsibility for the contents
of these sites.
Texts by Luther, Calvin, Zwingli, Bullinger, as well as the counter-reformation
of St. Ignatius of Loyola. www.mun.ca/rels/hrollmann/reform/reform.html
Reformation Primary Source Texts
Collection of primary sources, including the writings of Boehme,
Calvin, and Luther,
with links to further resources. history.hanover.edu/early/prot.htm
Portraits and Texts of Key Protestant Reformers
Explore a large collection of profiles of Protestant reformers and
their works. Includes
portraits of key individuals. www.soft.net.uk/arden/page5.html
Teaching Resources for Protestant Reformation
Teaching resource provides a detailed guide to the Reformation featuring
and illustrations. www.tasc.ac.uk/histcourse/reformat/contents.html
Martin Luther Biography
Presents a biography of this religious philosopher, as well as a
timeline of the Protestant
Reformation. Listen to MIDI music in German and English.
Biographical History, Martin Luther
Provides a biographical history divided into 4 segments. Offers
time lines, pictures and
related links. pweb.netcom.com/~supeters/luther.html
Martin Luther and Protestantism
Find a detailed description of this Protestant sect founded by Martin
Luther in the
sixteenth century. Includes details about doctrine and practices.
Boston College's project provides scholars and theologians with
database of more than 300 writings by and about this philosopher.
Luther's 95 Theses and Its Effects on Protestant Sects
Learn about the four different Protestant sects and discover how
originated from Martin Luther's "95 Theses."
Offers excerpts and complete texts of Luther's various writings
academic articles and essays, and resource links. www.luther.de/e/worms.html
Irish Resistance to English Reformation
Narrative history covering 1541-1598 details Ireland's resistance
to the English
Reformation and colonization efforts by Mary I and Elizabeth I.
Protestant Reformation, General History
Provides an analysis of the main influences, causes, and results
of the religious
movement. Includes hyperlinks to key figures and concepts.
Supplies a copy of the document that marked the beginning of the
Reformation. Presented in English, Latin, and German.
Protestant Leaders and Their Theology
Find extensive links to information about key figures and major
events in the
Protestant Reformation. Includes theology and Bible study aids.
Catholic Response to the Reformation
Extensive collection of primary and secondary sources recording
response to the Protestant Reformation. history.hanover.edu/early/cath.html
Provides a map of the European continent that depicts the political
during the era of the Protestant Reformation. Focuses on the Papal
Catholic Documents in Response to Reformation
Compiles links to excerpts from original documents produced by the
Catholic community in response to the Protestant Reformation.
Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion
Find the full text to the Thirty-nine Articles of Religion, a seminal
work of the
Protestant Reformation. Available in both English and Latin.
Henry VIII and the English Reformation
Course guide from Washington State Univ. presents the story of Henry
break with Rome and contrasts the English and European Reformations.
Reformation Resources by Country and Person
Find a collection of links organized by country and by person. Includes
sources, biographical profiles, and academic essays. history.hanover.edu/early/prot.html
John Calvin's Works
Offers a collection of works by Calvin, including his analysis of
Genesis, his prophet
commentaries, and The Institutes of Christian Religion.
Find a selection of links to biographical information, critical
essays, and original writings.
Includes a profile of John Calvin.
John Calvin, Sandlin Article
Article by Andrew Sandlin summarizes Calvin's scriptural defense
of the practice
of baptizing children. www.forerunner.com/puritan/PS.Calvin_baptism.html
English Translation of Calvin's Works
Read an English translation of the book that constitutes Calvin's
contribution. Indexed by subject and by verse. www.smartlink.net/~douglas/calvin
John Calvin, Biography
Offers basic biographical information about John Calvin. Includes
of his legacy. www.ccel.org/c/calvin/calvin.html
Schism Between Luther and Zwingli
Provides an analysis of the schism between Luther and Zwingli, and
early education with the humanists. www.bible.org/docs/history/schaff/vol7/schaf176.html
EUROPE IN THE AGE OF ABSOLUTISM
This site provides a thorough definition of absolutism and a glossary
of terms relating to
the Enlightenment. http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~dee/GLOSSARY/ABSOLUT
The Lucid Cafe offers an excellent site regarding Richelieu with
information on his career
along with information regarding books pertaining to Richelieu,
other Internet sites and
Students can learn about Prussia's history, cities, music, maps
and more in either the
English or German language at this website. www.michaelectric.com/prussia/
This site contains encyclopedia references relevant to England's
as well as a chronology of events, quotations and a bibliography.
The Luminarium is a site devoted to English Literature from the
Middle Ages to the
year 1660. www.luminarium.org/lumina.htm
A host of timelines relevant to the seventeenth century and many
other eras are contained
Britannia: Monarchs of Britain
A history of Britain can be found here with biographies of most
of Britain's rulers and an
explanation of titles of nobility. www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/
Joan's Royal Favorites
This site contains history links, links to books and genealogies
of the royal families of
several countries. www.xs4all.nl/~kvenjb/kings.htm
This is a good general history site.
Who were the Huguenots?
This site provides a good background on this group of French Protestants.
Russian Dynasties - the Time of Troubles
A brief summary of the era can be found here along with a timeline
of Russian leaders
from 1598-1613. http://members.vip.fi/~flax/history/russia/ti
History of St. Petersburg
Peter the Great's biography is briefly covered.
House of Hohenzollern
Clifton Fox lists the heads of this important family from 1415 through
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630)
This site provides a biography of Kepler with an impressive list
Habsburgs - HyperHistory
A brief summary of the Habsburgs rise to power is provided here.
A NEW KIND OF WORLD
paintings of France's National Museum, historical background, genealogy,
and artists http://www.culture.Fr/lumiere/documents/files/imaginary-exhibition.html
Internet Modern Sourcebook: a massive collection of primary
sources on the
Enlightenment, authors, thought, religion, guides for historians,
Links to information on persons, events, discourses, and geneologies
Links to other philosophical people, periods, and points of
a great resource for baroque painters
The Scientific Revolution
Internet Modern Sourcebook: massive collection of primary resources
Readings, research and links from the University of Florida
The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: the life and writings of
The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: the life and writings of
biography and writings
works and discussion site
biography, Kepler firsts, Law of Planetary Motion, bibliography
and a description of
contemporaries and events http://www.kepler.arc.nasa.gov/johannes.html
Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury
writings and biography of John Locke's friend and host (part of
Encyclopedia of Philosophy) http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/shaftesbury/
bibliography, with pictures of his microscope
Actual manuscript of his De Revolutionibus
essays of Francis Bacon
Great Books Index provides texts and web sources
definitions, composers, and music
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Biography, time line and text of the Confessions
Great books collection of Rousseau's works
Catherine II, Empress of Russia
An Annotated Bibliography
On the True and Right Preparation of Stibium to heal human weakness:
Text version of Candide
Texts, journals, and resources
An Honors Course: The Enlightenment
Ideas of Criticism and Reform in an International Context
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON BONAPARTE,
French Revolution Page
Peruse the time-line of pertinent events, learn about the three
Louis kings that
preceded the uprising, or get details on the battles themselves.
French Revolution Texts
Browse a large collection of original texts. Includes the Tennis
Court Oath, the
Decree Abolishing Feudalism, and the Doctrine of Graccus Bebeuf.
French Revolutionary Pamphlets
Browse scans of the entire contents of three classic pieces of literature
in Paris between 1789-91. humanities.uchicago.edu/homes/mark/fr_rev.html
Behind the Rose of Versailles
Discover characters, events, and scripts that inform about the French
Includes scripts from Hans Axes Von Fersen.
Royal Genealogies - King of France
Examine the genealogy for Louis XVI and for Marie Antoinette. Also
find a discourse
on the financial burdens prompting the French Revolution.
Time-Line of Events
Trace the trajectory of the events of the French Revolution through
1799. Includes several
appropriate images from art of the period. www.angelfire.com/va/frenchrev/timeline.html
Women in the French Revolution
Read an essay on the failure of the Parisian women's movement in
relation to the theories
of feminism by Rousseau and Condorcet. www.tcr.org/advpl_6.html
University of Warwick - Glossary
Large, helpful index of French terms and expressions used within
the context of the
Revolution. Includes English definitions.
Great French Revolution, The
Partial transcription of P A Kropotkin's text analyzing the activities
Provides several chapters in full detail. www3.hmc.edu/~brdavis/courses/anarchy/revolution
Origins of the French Revolution
Journalism resource explores the causes and origins of the French
revolution, discussing the
influences of the French philosophers Voltaire and Rousseau. www.sacklunch.net/history/57.html
Historian - Religious Origins of the French Revolution
Access a review of this book written by Dale K. Van Kley and gain
insight into its analysis
of the Revolution. www.findarticles.com/cf_dls/m2082/2_61/54469232/p1/article.jhtml
Napoleon Bonaparte Internet Guide
Provides a clearinghouse of resources on Napoleon including a list
of recommended sites,
book reviews, and a mailing list. come.to/napoleon
1812 - Napoleon's March to Russia
Resource provides a step-by-step overview of Napoleon's march to
Moscow. Also find
portraits, related links and a bibliography.
Bonaparte, Napoleon - Emperor of France
Profiles the military commander and ruthless conqueror. Details
his civil administration.
Read a brief history and chronology of the man and find a large
selection of exhibits,
including portraits from the time. www.library.stir.ac.uk/spcoll/napoleon
Napoleon Bonaparte Timeline
Find a comprehensive rendering of the Napoleonic period. Includes
links to salient
events complete with commentary and maps. members.tripod.com/~mhkerekes/napoleontl.htm
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, 1760-1850
Literary museum for readers, teachers and scholars of the author
of "Oliver Twist."
Includes audio archive, conferences and journals. humwww.ucsc.edu/dickens/index.html
Site provides brief discussion of James Hargreaves and his spinning
Bolton's Samuel Crompton 1753-1827, inventor of the spinning mule.
Whitney, Eli - National Inventors Hall of Fame
Inventor of the Cotton Gin in the 18th century began the concept
Photograph and biographical details. www.invent.org/hall_of_fame/152.html
All-Info About English Culture - Gin: The Spirit of England
A brief discussion of the history of gin, for a time the liquor
of the industrial workers
of England. englishculture.allinfoabout.com/features/gin.html
Chadwick's Report on Sanitary Conditions
Edwin Chadwick's 1842 report chronicles how unregulated industrial
affected the lower classes in Britain. landow.stg.brown.edu/victorian/history/chadwick2.html
Provides Robert H Thurston's work, "A History of the Growth
of the Steam-Engine," in
full-text format separated by chapter. www.history.rochester.edu/steam/thurston/1878
George Stephenson biography
George Stephenson, the career of the great Victorian railroad engineer
- part of the British
Biography guide from Britain Express. www.britainexpress.com/History/bio/stephenson.htm
George Stephenson - The First Steam Locomotive Engine
George Stephenson is considered to be the inventor of the first
steam locomotive engine for
Detailed introduction to this anti-industrial protest movement which
undertones. Led by 'King Ludd', they destroyed machines.
1833 Factory Act, The - Public Record Office
Find a selection of documents pertaining to the law that improved
conditions. Includes a list of related legislation.
Public Health Act poster, Ormskirk, Lancashire, 1848.
This site presents a poster from Victorian Britain concerning the
Public Health Act.
The poster presentation is part of a larger site concerning health
and disease in Victorian
Britain. To access the larger site click on the back to main page
instruction or go to:
Once at this site, click on the images/illustrations that surround
the text discussion to
view other sources.
Smith, Adam - McMaster University Archive
This university archive of texts by Adam Smith offers in addition
a bibliography and related
historical articles about his life, beliefs and economic philosophy.
Essay on the Principle of Population - Thomas Malthus
Offers a text written by Malthus in 1798 on the detrimental effects
on human society caused
by overpopulation. socserv2.socsci.mcmaster.ca/~econ/ugcm/3ll3/malthus/popu.txt
Ricardo, David - McMaster Archive
University offers a collection of texts written by 19th-century
British economist David Ricardo
and provides a bibliography of his works. socserv2.socsci.mcmaster.ca/~econ/ugcm/3ll3/ricardo
Brown University - Victorian Economics: An Overview
This site offers connections to information on various matters related
to the industrializing
economy of Great Britain, including short discussions of the ideas
of Thomas Malthus,
Adam Smith and David Ricardo. The site also includes bibliographies
and other references
to additional sources. 188.8.131.52/victorian/economics/econov.html
Saint-Simon, Claude-Henri de Rouvroy (1760-1825)
This site presents a brief discussion of Claude-Henri de Rouvroy
seen as the founder of French socialism.
The harmonic series of Charles Fourier
This site presents some of the work of Charles Fourier (1772-1837)
and related information.
Blanc, Louis - Organization of Labour
Utopian socialist offers suggestions for the structure of labor
in this essay from 1840.
Find details about the author. www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1840blanc.html
Owen, Robert - The Robert Owen Museum
Connect to a biography of the industrialist and social experimenter,
as well as to
museum publications by and about him and details on the museum in
Once at the website, click on Robert Owen 1771-1858 for a biography
of the industrialist
Utopian Socialist Societies in 19th Century America
Examine a study of several 19th century Utopian Socialist groups
and their lifestyles. Learn
about Oneida and the Robert Owen group.
Engels, Frederick - Marx/Engels Internet Archive
Explore the writings of Marx and Engels with this comprehensive
database of online texts.
Includes biographies, letters, and images. www.marxists.org/archive/marx/index.htm
Marx, Karl - Study Guide for The Communist Manifesto
Read an online copy of "The Communist Manifesto," complete
with a study guide and
essay and research questions. www.wsu.edu:8080/~brians/hum_303/manifesto.html
REACTION, REFORM AND REVOLUTION, 1815-1848
Find a portrait of the Imperial Russian Tsar and biographical information
with a profile
of his reign and speculation on his death. members.tripod.com/Codim/rus/alex.html
Congress of Vienna - Library of Congress
Find an overview of the diplomatic plan for Europe engineered by
Prince Metternich in 1815.
Modern History Sourcebook: Metternich: Political Confession
Prince Klemens von Metternich: Political Confession of Faith, 1820
von Metternich (1773-1859) was the leading figure in European government
up until 1848.
Provides hypertext versions of writings from Karl Marx and Friedrich
Engels dating from
the 1830s to the 1890s. It also includes a photo gallery. csf.colorado.edu/psn/marx
Wordsworth, William - The Complete Poetical Works
Enter Bartleby Library to find poems from this 1888 book, listed both
and alphabetically according to first lines. www.bartleby.com/145
Poetry Archive - Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Browse this index of poems by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, including
"Love" and "Kubla Khan."
Lugwig Van Beethoven was born in Bonn, in western Germany, at the
end of 1770. At the
time, his grandfather was in charge of musical establishment in
Bonn, and his father was
a tenor singer. www.geocities.com/oboe4life/beethoven.html
Island of Freedom - Francisco Goya
Features a profile of the Spanish painter and a collection of Goya
Last Century of the Habsburg Monarchy - Bibliography
European history scholars will find this reading list useful for
information about the famed
Habsburg dynasty. www.h-net.msu.edu/~habsweb/syllabi/century.html
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand Perigord 1754-1838
The association Les Amis de Talleyrand presents the life and the
action of Talleyrand, a
French diplomat and politician from the time of Napoleon. The site
offers a bibliographical
database of 2000 entries. www.amis-talleyrand.asso.fr
Island of Freedom - Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
Profile on the most influential thinker since Kant includes biographical
data, a summary of
his Absolute Mind concept, and related site links. www.island-of-freedom.com/HEGEL.HTM
Concert of Europe
The Concert of Europe was formulated in 1815 as a mechanism to enforce
the decisions of
the Congress of Vienna. www.pvhs.chico.k12.ca.us/~bsilva/projects/concert/concessy.html
Carlsbad Decrees, 1819, resolutions adopted by the ministers of
German states at a conference
at Carlsbad that was convened and dominated by Prince Metternich
following the murder of
August von Kotzebue by a student. www.factmonster.com/ce6/history/A0810473
Decembrists and The Russian Intelligentsia
Student essay on the noblemen who led an unsuccessful rebellion
in 1825 describes the
political climate of the era and the revolt's failings.
Passages in the Life of a Radical - Peterloo Massacre
Offers Samuel Bamford's eyewitness account of the incident that
inaugurated a decade of
government repression against the workers movement.
Corn Law Debate - Peel Web
Find a series of essays covering economic, legislative, and political
aspects of the issue.
Includes a collection of speech transcripts. dspace.dial.pipex.com/mbloy/peel/cldebate.htm
Chartism, People's Petition - Modern History Sourcebook
Petition sent to Parliament in 1838 lays out the tenets of the emerging
movement. Find a copy with an explanatory introduction.
Education on the Internet; Teaching History Online Spartacus, USA
History, British History,
Second World War, First World War, Germany, In 1837, Feargus O'Connor,
representative of the London Working Mens' Association, decided
to establish the Northern
Star newspaper. www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/CHnorthern.htm
Louis Philippe - Infoplease.com
Citizen king eventually abdicated, despite years of successful diplomacy
after the February Revolution of 1848. looksmart.infoplease.com/ce5/CE031402.html
Blanc, Louis - Organisation of Labour
Utopian socialist offers suggestions for the structure of labor
in this essay from 1840.
Find details about the author. www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1840blanc.html
Jellachich de Buzim, Joseph, Count
1801-59, Austrian general, a Croatian nobleman. He was governor
of Croatia when
the Revolution of 1848 broke out in Hungary, and he commanded an
the revolutionists. His purpose was to separate Croatia from Hungary.
Magyars - Columbia Encyclopedia
Traces the linguistic and cultural origins of the nomadic people
who migrated to Europe
in the 9th century. www.bartleby.com/65/ma/Magyars.html
The euphoria that set in after the revolution in February was short-lived
among the workers
in Paris. Promised a right to work, they found almost no employment
in the private sector
since the depression had severely hurt or bankrupted businesses.
NATIONALISM & REALPOLITIK 1848-1871
Overview of his life and works
German Customs Union
A history of its role in the 1848 revolution http://search.msn.com/results.asp?FORM=sCPN&RS=
The Anthony Camoandla Collection with a massive collection of writings,
pictures and images
Otto von Bismarck
Portraits and a detailed biography of
Links to over 1200 digitized photos
Socialists (19th century)
An excellent source of writings and biographies
An analysis of the causes, campaigns and peace treaty
Russian peasant (serf) life
An informative account and description during the period of emancipation
A survey of reforms and their effects on Russia and international
Alexander II and his times
a narrative of Russian history with links to 100s of images
An impressive collection of letters and data bases
Royal East India Company and the China Trade
with implications about the Opium War
A short history detailing the ceding to the British of Hong Kong
and the British monopoly
of the Opium Trade http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/heroin/opiwar1.html
A discussion of the long and multinational history
The Victorian Web from Brown University discuss the concepts, writers
of realism http://1184.108.40.206/genre/Realism.html
Online editions of his works
Auguste Comte and the Positivists
A good summary of positivism
An excellent definition and examples from the Stanford Encyclopedia
The Seven Years War
Although this website is mostly about American battles in the French
and Indian War,
this site has a massive collection of information and includes video
of some of the battles.
Although partially an ad for Amazon.com, this site includes an excellent
biography of the
French writer. http://www.krjasto.sci.fi/ezola.html
LA BELLE EPOCH: EUROPE'S GOLDEN AGE 1971-1914
SparkNotes: History Study Guides
The people at SparkNotes provide study guides for many eras, including
Trenches on the Web - Timeline: Index
This site provides a timeline that starts before 1871 and ends after
Europe at its Zenith, 1871-1914
An outline of relevant topics is provided here.
European Power Balance (1871-1914)
Questions and answers are found here on the foreign policy objectives
of the major
European powers. www2.sunysuffolk.edu/westn/powerbalance.html
Society, Politics, & Culture 1871-1914
This site contains an excellent and very thorough outline of this
A detailed account of the process of German unification is covered
at this site.
Great Power Politics
Gerhard Rempel covers international politics and the wars of this
era in much
greater detail than the text can provide.
Otto Von Bismarck
Bismarck's social programs are the sole focus of this site.
Research Benjamin Disraeli at Questia
A listing of books and articles on Disraeli are available here.
Comte, Auguste -Positivism: Electronic Texts
Texts of or relating to Comte are available through this site in
both French and English.
Russo-Japanese War Research Society
This is a wonderfully thorough site with background on the events
leading to and
through the war, maps, charts, biographies, and more www.russojapanese.com
Students can receive a detailed explanation of the situation in
China in the nineteenth
century and the events that led up to the Boxer Rebellion.
Not only do students get the story of the Dreyfus Affair, but they
get a reprint of an
article from a 1995 issue of Time in which the French military concedes
of Dreyfus, over 100 years after the fact. www.wfu.edu/~sinclair/dreyfus.htm
Great Zionist Leaders I: Theodore Herzl
A rabbis gives a sermon describing and praising the efforts of Herzl
in securing a homeland
for the Jews. www.beth-elsa.org/be-s0314.htm
This site describes the concepts of Impressionistic art and offers
lessons on the major
themes of this type of artform. www.impresionism.org/
THE GREAT WAR 1914-1919
World War I - The Great War
Furnishes an archive of related links chronicling the years 1914
The Great War
Television production called "The Great War and the Shaping
of the 20th Century".
With interviews, maps, timeline, and bookstore. www.pbs.org/greatwar
WWI Document Archive
Eclectic mix of documents including press releases, official documents,
maps, commentary articles, treaties and reminiscences. www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi
World War I - The War Times Journal, Great War Series
Archive of articles about World War I covers the Western and Eastern
1916 Zeppelin offensive and the Red Baron. www.wtj.com/pl/pages/greatwar.htm
Learn about the battles that were waged in the ocean during World
War I. Provides
photos and an overview of the battles and campaigns.
WWI Trenches on the Web
Large resource offering articles, images, bibliographies and guides
about the people, places and events of the Great War. www.worldwar1.com
Aces, aircraft, medals and decorations from WWI. Search for information,
in a forum or explore this well designed site. www.theaerodrome.com
Great War Association
Provides a guide to World War I reenactment groups throughout the
US. View a calendar
of events. www.great-war-assoc.org
Photos of the Great War
Provides an extensive collection of photos from World War I. Categories
of state, weapons, commanders, and animals at war.
League of World War I Aviation Historians
Learn about the fierce air battles that took place during the Great
War. Features photos
and a guide to local chapters of the league. www.overthefront.com
Introduction to World War I Poetry
Get a more artistic and emotional perspective on the Great War through
this collection of
British poetry. Includes a section for women's poems. info.ox.ac.uk/jtap/tutorials/intro
Resource for the Great War features articles that focus on the experiences
of those who
fought in battle. www.fylde.demon.co.uk/welcome.htm
British Posters of World War I
Take a look at propaganda posters that were used by the United Kingdom
Great War. gulib.lausun.georgetown.edu/dept/speccoll/britpost/britpost.htm
World War I Letters
Webmaster provides letters from her grandfather that he wrote while
serving with the
US army during the First World War. www.u.arizona.edu/~rstaley/wwlettr1.htm
Life at Camp Funston
Offers letters from a member of Ambulance Company 239 during World
War I. Take
a look at the photos. www2.okstate.edu/ww1hist
World War I Document Archive: WWI Official Papers by Country
Brigham Young University Library site offers texts of WWI-related
World War I Documents Archive: Conventions and Treaties
Brigham Young University site with historical document texts.
THE INTERWAR ERA, 1920-1939
Dix, Otto - Spartacus
This site profiles the German painter whose paintings reflected
the horrors of the Great
War. It includes examples of his work and quotes by the artist.
Also try: artcyclopedia.com/artists/dix_otto.html to access sites
where other works of
Otto Dix may be viewed.
The Weimar Constitution
Provides excerpts from the Constitution of the German Federation
of August 11,
1919 (The Weimar Constitution) web.jjay.cuny.edu/~jobrien/reference/ob13.html
Keynes, John Maynard - Economic Consequences of Peace
Archive of electronic texts offers the full text of Keynes' book
Consequences of Peace." Read, download or print the text.
Also see socserv2.socsci.mcmaster.ca/~econ/ugcm/3ll3/keynes/vebrev
for a critique
of Keynes' book by economist Thorstein Veblen.
Irish Declaration of Independence, 1919
Document repudiates English claims of sovereignty over Ireland,
and demands the
immediate removal of British soldiers. wwwvms.utexas.edu/~jdana/decindep.html
The above site is part of a larger site on Irish history. For the
homepage of the Irish
history site, which contains information, images, documents and
more related to Irish
history in general as well as the Irish independence movement's
interwar efforts, go to:
German-Russian agreement, signed at Rapallo, April 16, 1922.
Text is provided of the Rapallo agreement, the German-Russian agreement,
at Rapallo, April 16, 1922. www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/interwar/rapallo.htm
The above site is part of a larger site that provides several documents
on the international
relations of the interwar era. To see more, go to www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/feros-pg.htm
scroll down and click on "Documents of the Interwar Period."
This Oxford University profile of the dictator includes details
on his early life, his rise to
power as the ruler of Italy, and his eventual downfall.
Another site provides pictures of Mussolini, including some extremely
graphic pictures of the
dictator and his mistress Clara Petacci after their execution near
the end of World War II.
Includes a brief biography. members.aol.com/davlowe/mussolini
The Locarno Protocol, 1925
Final Protocol of the Locarno Conference The Conference of Locarno,
October 5-16, 1925.
Kellogg-Briand Pact 1928
Provides the text of the Kellogg-Briand Pact 1928 Treaty between
the United States and
other Powers providing for the renunciation of war as an instrument
of national policy. The
site is part of the Avalon Project of Yale University that provides
many other documents on-line.
Stalin, Joseph - World War II Commemoration
Profile examines the tumultuous life and political career of the
Soviet leader. Link to other
articles on World War II. gi.grolier.com/wwii/wwii_stalin.html
Stalin, Joseph - Internet Archive
Resource includes several articles written by the Communist Party
General Secretary, and
Kulaks - Library of Congress
Browse through English translations of the execution orders issued
by Lenin during a 1918
grain-confiscation program. metalab.unc.edu/pjones/russian/Kulaks.html
Hitler, Adolf - Grolier
Grolier Online offers a biography of the leader of the German Nazi
party. Contains links to
World War II articles. www.grolier.com/wwii/wwii_hitler.html
Nuremberg Race Laws
Documents the laws that were passed in Nazi Germany regarding race
Spanish Civil War
This site discusses the 1938 Nazi pogrom against German Jews.
University of San Diego provides a detailed time-line of the war with
links to other
resources. Contains an image page of maps and photos.
Southworth Spanish Civil War Collection
Describes texts and images collected by an American journalist.
The material is now part
of the Mandeville Special Collections Library. Images of propaganda
posters are presented.
Anschluss and the Munich Agreement - This Sceptred Isle
Features a 1938 excerpt from the Times detailing Britain's lack
of preparedness for the
upcoming war. Includes a profile of Chamberlain.
The British Parliamentary Debate on the Munich Agreement
We've done a good deal with congressional debate in this course,
but now some with the
British legislature, and its response to the Munich Accords.
Munich Agreement and its Application
Offers a collection of French documents and diplomatic communiques
pertaining to the
document. Includes text of the agreement. www.metalab.unc.edu/pha/fyb/part_1.html
The Avalon Project : The Munich Agreement - Documents
At this site, the Avalon Project at Yale Law School presents various
information concerning the Munich Accords.
Chamberlain, Neville - Peace For Our Time Speech
Ill-advised peace agreement delayed Britain's entrance into World
War II. Find a copy
of Chamberlain's brief address. library.byu.edu/~rdh/eurodocs/uk/peace.html
BBC - History - Arthur Neville Chamberlain biography
Biography of Arthur Neville Chamberlain
WORLD WAR II 1939-1945
Britain's Response to Germany's Invasion of Poland
Includes two speeches and a radio address by Neville Chamberlain
informing the British
people about the commencement of hostilities. www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/wwii/gbmenu.htm
Winter War - Telegrams From Each Day of the Winter War
Read the text of communications sent within Finland during their
1939-40 struggle with the Soviet Union. www.mil.fi/tiedotus/talvisota_eng
Stalin's Role in the Coming of WWII
Reports on the international perceptions of the Communist leader
of Soviet Russia's goals based on contemporary memoirs and new archival
The Maginot Line
Fairly comprehensive study of the French fortifications, which proved
obsolete in WWII. Enter forts, study diagrams, and find remnants.
The Second World War Experience Centre - 1940 Dunkirk Veterans'
1940 Dunkirk Veterans' Association site provides information on
an organization for those involved in the evacuation at Dunkirk.
Battle of Britain History Site
Royal Air Force recognizes the 60th anniversary of this battle by
describing it in depth. Find a daily timeline of events, commander
profiles, and more. www.raf.mod.uk/bob1940/bobhome.html
Avalon Project, The - Lend Lease
Find a copy of the preliminary agreement between the US and the
UK that allowed a steady flow of supplies to the British war effort.
Mutual Aid Agreement Between the US and the USSR
Read the terms of the document signed on June 11, 1942 which is
otherwise known as the lend-lease agreement, for cooperation during
History Channel - The Battle of Stalingrad
History Channel profiles the Battle of Stalingrad. Includes quotes,
discussion questions, a battle map, and resources for further reading.
Battle of Midway - 4-7 June 1942
Features a lengthy account of the Pacific theater engagement from
the US Navy, including links to related reports. www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq81-1.htm
National D-Day Memorial Foundation
Take a tour of the Bedford, Virginia memorial, find a narrative
detailing the Allied invasion, and read histories from D-Day veterans.
The site also contains links to other sites with information about
PBS American Experience D-Day Special
Online companion to the TV special offers narratives, letters from
the front, personal accounts, a map of the invasion, and a reading
Greatest and most feared of Germany's battleships. Study her data,
meet the crew, view photos, and follow her to an early North Sea
Documents Related to World War II
This site provides access to a broad selection of documents of World
Dresden - World War Two
See an image of the German city after the Allied bombing raid during
World War II. Includes an overview of the event. www.valourandhorror.com/BC/Raids/Dresden.htm
Detailed military account of the Battle of the Bulge and related
fighting in the winter of 1944-1945. Includes photographs and maps.
Learn more about the bloody and vicious island engagement in 1945.
Includes photos and details of the ill-fated flag raisers of Mt.
Los Alamos National Laboratory History
Read articles written upon the lab's 50th anniversary in 1993. Includes
information on how the atomic bomb was built and the decision to
Archive chronicling the history of the Manhattan Project and the
building of the atomic bomb includes many photos, and bios of key
Declaration by the Allies covers post-war reparations, details plans
for the defeat of Germany, and examines the fate of Poland.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
National museum for the documentation, study and interpretation
of Holocaust history. View exhibitions, the survivor registry, and
historical information. www.ushmm.org
Holocaust Home Page - Shamash
Index compiled by the Jewish Internet Consortium posts links to
documents that refute the claims of Holocaust revisionists and related
Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation
Details the project to chronicle the living testimonies of those
who survived the holocaust. Provides foundation details and repository
Non-Jewish Victims of the Holocaust
Details other victims of the Nazis, with special emphasis on the
Polish people. Presents photos, documents, and other resources.
Hitler, Adolf - The Death of
Washington Post article examines Hitler's controversial death in
light of new Russian-derived evidence.
Rutgers Journal of Law & Religion - Nuremberg Project
Publication presents selected papers from the Donovan Collection
of Nuremberg Documents. Includes commentary articles and a description
of this archive.
THE POSTWAR ERA 1945-1968
Describes the West German government's policies from 1949-1963,
including integration into the Western alliance, economic policy,
willingness to foster European integration, and laws passed to fight
Camus, Albert - Camus and Existentialism
See a biography and samples of this Nobel laureate's work.
De Gaulle, Charles - MSN Encarta
Encyclopedia biography of the French leader. Includes photos and
links to other people and events of the time. Encarta.msn.com/find/concise.asp?ti=761563271
Kennedy, John F. - 14 Days in October
This graphically attractive study of the Cuban Missile Crisis includes
an overview, video of Kennedy's speech, and messages between JFK
CNN Cold War Interviews - Robert McNamara
Sessions with the former Secretary of Defense in the Kennedy and
Johnson administrations include insights on Vietnam War, JFK, LBJ,
the 1963 coup in Saigon and the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
Cold War: Soviet and Related History Documents
California State University in San Marcos presents a useful list
of available documents.
Cold War, The
A look at the major conflicts during the period: Vietnam, Korea,
Cuban Missile Crisis. Information on leaders, including Kennedy,
Stalin, and Gorbachev.
Cold War: (Truman)
Has Cold War links including Marshall Plan, NATO, Korean War, Churchill's
Iron Curtain speech, and speeches from Stalin.
Documents Related to the Cold War
Probably all the information you could need. Supplies an enormous
trove of Cold War documents, organized by year from 1945 to 1991.
European Union (Europa)
Official site of the European Union, which began as the European
Economic Community. Includes comprehensive news, information, documents,
statistics, history since inception, and links to other servers.
Existentialism and Human Emotions
Read a selection by Existentialist philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre
on this topic.
Franklin D. Roosevelt Library and Museum
This archive has over 10,000 documents, including photos and diplomatic
Khruschev, Nikita - Crimes of the Stalin Era
Text of Khruschev's "Secret Speech" to the 20th Party
Congress of the Soviet Union in 1956. trussel.com/hf/stalin.htm
Stalin Era in Cold War - Document Library
Woodrow Wilson Center for scholars presents a collection of original
documents and working papers. Numerous other Cold War documents
U.S. News Online - Cold War Archive
Archive of the news magazine's articles. Includes useful links to
related sites and a Cold War quiz. usnews.com/usnews/news/991018/histarch.htm
Women's Liberation Documents
Duke University's excellent collection of documents and bibliographies
dealing with various facets of the Women's Movement. Includes considerable
material from the period 1945-1968. scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/wlm
Created at the Bretton Woods Conference, go to the World Bank's
site for an idea of the myriad development projects it funds. Click
on "About Us" and then "Archives and History"
to examine its formation and function during the postwar period.
There are over 135,000 cubic feet of records available.
World Bank: worldbank.org
A NEW EUROPE & THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY
American Experience: Reagan
PBS site on the 39th U.S. president's life. Includes excerpts from
speeches, chronology, analysis. pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reagan
Attack on America: Osama bin Laden, al-Qa'ida, and Terrorism
East Carolina University site with a wealth of information on Bin
Laden, his ideology, and activities. Links to many sources on terrorism.
Books and Writers: Simone de Beauvoir
Good concise biography and explanations of her existentialist and
feminist views. Link to Jean-Paul Sartre. kirjasto.scifi/beauvoir.htm
CNN Cold War Series
A wealth of interviews with major figures including Fidel Castro,
George Bush, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev and Henry Kissinger.
CNN: Slobodan Milosevic
Biography of the "Butcher of the Balkans" and history
of the Serbian-Bosnian War. Links to related sites. cnn.com/resources/newsmakers/world/europe/milosevic.html
COMING DOWN FAST! Replaying the 1960s
Conference at the University of Wolverhampton, England in 1998.
Good bibliographical source on the 1960s cultural revolution and
Dayton Peace Accords on Bosnia
University of Minnesota site supplies the entire text of accord
negotiated with U.S. President Clinton and enforced by NATO. 1umn.edu/humanrts/icty/Dayton/daytonaccord.html
Europa, The European Union Online
Official site of the European Union. Includes history, official
documents, the Union's activities. Very comprehensive. europa.eu.int/
Educate Yourself: The Arab Oil Embargo of 1973-1974
Good background on OPEC and the effects of the first international
Globalization Conundrum, The
Fascinating interview in France magazine with Philip H. Gordon,
Director of the Brookings Institution's Center on the United States
and France. Building from Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber's famous
book, The American Challenge, Gordon maintains that France is adapting
to globalization within a European context and with its EU partners,
while seeking to protect its own cultural identity.
Green Parties World Wide
Links to homepages of every Green Party affiliate in the world.
Green philosophy presented. greens.org
Guardian Unlimited Special Reports: Bush's New World Order
British newspaper article from September 14, 2001 supporting U.S.
President George W. Bush's call for solidarity against terror but
expressing European fears of the "wounded superpower"
running roughshod over the interests and sensibilities of the rest
of the world. guardian.co.uk/wtccrash/story/0,1300,551637,00.html
Gulf War, The
An in-depth look at the Gulf War and the crisis that precipitated
it from PBS Frontline, January 1996. pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/gulf/
Margaret Thatcher Site, The
An attractive and informative site on Britain's "Iron Lady"
of the 1980s.
Mikhail Sergeevicch Gorbachev
Biographical chronology of the last Soviet Premier's life. Includes
links to Suslov, Khruschev, Andropov, perestroika, 1985 Geneva Summit
with U. S. President Reagan.
Pope John Paul II's Message (English Version)
Speech to visiting representatives of Poland's Solidarity trade
union in 1996, recalling meaning of the movement in national liberation.
An essay by Colorado professor Mary Klages explaining postmodernism
and differentiating it from modernism. colorado.edu/English/ENGL2012klages/pomo.html
Revolution in Eastern Europe: 1989
Professor Gerhard Rempel of Western New England College provides
a thoughtful essay on the causes and development of the overthrow
of Communism in Eastern Europe. Includes informed commentary on
the liberation movements in each country.
Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan, Questia
Questia online library, voluminous list of sources and opportunities
to read excerpts on the conflict. questia.com/SearchNoAuthMediator.qst?.action=1
Terrorism Research Center
Provides links to sources on contemporary terrorism, including U.S.
Government sites. See also U.S. State Department. terrorism.com/